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  • Writer's pictureSedat Onat

Cross Docking

Updated: Sep 9, 2023

To shorten the delivery time, products from suppliers X, Y, and Z are combined as XYZ on a buyer basis without taking them into stock. It is a combination of initial stocking and handling processes.

Cross Docking types;

  • CML - Cross-Dock-Managed-Load

  • JML - Joint-Managed-Load

  • SML - Supplier-Managed-Load (closest to Just In Time (JIT))

The situations in which it is used;

  • Where demand is stable

  • In products where shelf life is important

  • Where buyers receive different products in a mixture


  • It shortens the time and distance of personnel and equipment required for product preparation.

  • Reduced product circulation distance minimizes the possibility of damage to the stock area.

  • Contributes to a reduction in stock volumes and shorter order response times, thanks to shorter make-to-delivery times

  • Reduces errors caused by rapid product preparation

  • Reduces the need for stock space required

  • Thanks to all these, it provides a cost advantage.

Points to be considered;

  • Arrangement of the distribution center as I, T, or X for this purpose (Ref: What Is Cross Docking?)

  • Use of appropriate software and labeling system

  • Organizing teams by this system


  • Requires a more sophisticated organization than a standard distribution center

  • The difficulty of standardization in pallets

Graphical Representation of Cross Docking

Cross Docking Summary




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